研究專題

動態地圖:十七世紀荷蘭福爾摩沙文獻
Dynamic Atlas, 17th Century Dutch Texts, Formosa

誠如納衡德修維茲所觀察,「書寫文本是理解過去生活史的理想資源。手稿(如社群文獻、個人書信、貿易紀錄)皆使我們更全面理解該特定時期與空間。」此計畫將數位軟體程式應用於十七世紀荷蘭福爾摩沙史料的研究中,特別是《福爾摩沙信函譜,大員宗教會書》(1642年1月23日到1660年3月4日)。

數位化內容格式有兩項展望:(1) 在地圖上標記荷蘭社群重要人物其在福爾摩沙的社會網絡與流動性,與其他荷蘭聯合東印度公司工廠;(2) 提供指導,發展可應用於其他數位檔案庫及資料庫的準則,思考通則的可能性。

此計畫背後的基本原理是藉此發展工具,用以萃選與視覺化荷蘭聯合東印度公司福爾摩莎地區的人員的流動性模式。此主題尚未受到必要的注意,需以大員工廠的重要性加以研究。經由網絡分析《福爾摩沙信函譜,大員宗教會書》中的人名,應可發展出一套方法,供我們檢驗這些流動性的問題各方面的特性。此一重要進步涵蓋了數位人文方法,邁向更全面的史料脈絡呈現,能夠改變歷史學家與文化研究學者對過去與現在流動性的檢視。

計畫相關內容參見:政治大學亞太時空資訊研究室
「古地圖,新視界」核心計劃與發展:基於對空間人文學的共通興趣與共享的科技基礎

The Legacy of Arthur P. Wolf (1932-2015):
Digitizing and Data Analysis of Undisclosed Historical Demographical Fieldwork Research in the Haishan and Sanxia Region (1905-1945, 1957)

The application of Digital Humanities (hereafter DH) tools and technology in Taiwan academia is not a recent phenomenon, though it has only been in the last ten years that researchers from a wide spectrum of disciplines in the humanities have been invited to apply for project funding and the creation of platforms for academic exchange. This project proposal fits the same purpose and seeks transnational collaboration not only with one of the leading universities in the United States, but also in bringing to NTNU the legacy of one of the eminent scholars and pioneers in the field of Chinese studies on Taiwan. Our proposed project concerns the digitization and data analysis of the undisclosed anthropological fieldwork research of Arthur P. Wolf 吳雅士教授 (1932-2015).

Arthur P. Wolf is one of the world renowned anthropologists. During the 1950s, together with his first wife Margery Wolf Jones (1933- 2017), he came to Taiwan to do field work on Chinese household registers. As stated above, at the time, there was no independent Taiwan Studies and writing about Taiwan was not initially conceived as part of a project of local discovery. Instead, it was written to describe modern Chinese society – a fact indicated in titles from this period.

During the years of fieldwork in rural Taiwan that followed after communist China closed its doors, Arthur Wolf collected a vast archive of information on early 20th-century Taiwanese households focused on the southwestern regions of Taipei in New Taipei City’s Tucheng District. Marjory Wolf’s 1960s fieldwork in Taiwan resulted in her first and best known book The House of Lim: A Study of a Chinese Farm Family (1968), which established her as a China scholar of note with a particular focus on women and the family.

Arthur P. Wolf’s career path in studies of Taiwanese anthropology and related studies in comparative demography (mainly with the Netherlands) continued at Stanford where he taught in the Department of Anthropology from 1968 to 2015. He ended his career as Chair of the David and Lucile Packard Professor in Human Biology and Professor of Anthropological Sciences at Stanford, passing away in 2015.

The purpose of this research proposal is to gather the undisclosed data, digitize the handwritten, typewritten and computerized data to convert to current system for comparative purposes with Taiwan-based data on household registration information. Collaborating partners are:

  • Distinguished Professor Hill Gates who is in charge of her late husband’s trust fund, known as the Rockpile Foundation at Saltlick House.
  • Associate Professor Thomas Mullaney, Department of History and Director of Digital Humanities Asia (DHAsia) at the Digital Humanities Center, Stanford University.
  • Dr Kharis Templeman, Program Manager of the Taiwan Democracy Project at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (CDDRL) in the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), Stanford University.

Please refer to East Asian Journal of Popular Culture (EAJPC)

The purpose of this page is to visualize the study and data access to research popular culture in Taiwan and abroad.Taiwan popular culture should be read within the contemporary social context of Taiwan, which has inherited 400 years of hybrid colonial history and seen the rapid development of both consumer society and democracy during the past 30 years. The hybridity of Taiwaneseness not only shaped the sense of Taiwaneseness through everyday practices of consumption and democracy, but also highlights a fundamental feature of Taiwan popular culture. It also shows how Taiwan has negotiated other cultures’ influences upon it. Influenced in the past by both China and Japan, and today by the global forces of modern Japan and the US, Taiwan popular culture can be said to be somewhere in between. Rather than passively accepting these cultures, Taiwan instead appropriates them and domesticates them by incorporating local features, and so transforms them into popular culture in and from Taiwan. The new concept of ‘Taiwan’ is thus a product of the negotiation between globality and locality, and is a hybrid of Chinese, Japanese and American cultures.Scholar numbers in the field of Taiwan popular culture studies are numerous and still growing. Popular culture studies in Taiwan can be divided into two significant academic trends; different disciplinary frameworks are applied to examine either locally oriented popular culture or transnational/East Asian popular culture. The ITSC aims to bring together scholars in this promising research area, to work together with relevant institutes and associations, and to carry out more projects, courses and studies in the near future.

The first East Asian Popular Culture Association Conference (EAPCA) was held in Taipei from September 1 to September 4, 2011. This conference was organized by East Asian Popular Culture Association (EAPCA), the ITSC, and the Department of Taiwan Culture, Languages and Literature, NTNU. At that meeting, scholars from eighteen nations delivered almost one hundred papers. The cooperation between three organizations brings in very lively and thoughtful discussion of the issues that participants developed. Following the inaugural conference of the East Asian Popular Culture Association, the timely topic of popular culture has been added as one of the center’s three research clusters.

Courses about popular culture are also developing. For examples, Dr. Yin C. Chuang’s courses, ‘Taiwan Popular Culture’ (http://twpopculture.blogspot.com) and ‘Taiwan Popular Music’ (http://popsong991.blogspot.com)’ are to lead students to read relevant materials of and discuss the issue of identity experienced in Taiwan popular culture. Both courses look into this issue through historical perspectives as well as the ways in which Taiwaneseness has been re-resented through different cultural forms, including popular music, cinema, popular Literature, betel-nuts beauties, electronic-fancy-float girls, shopping and queuing, wedding and portrait photography, adult films, comics and trendy Dramas, night markets, food culture and political consumerism in Taiwan.

In order to promote the study of Taiwan popular culture, the ITSC actively supports international conferences that represent the academic research on popular culture, provides links to publications & research articles and builds on an integrative database.

The Center welcomes donations to fund new research projects and to advance its research agenda. We encourage research institutions, nonprofit organizations and individuals to become involved in the Center’s future. Donors would contribute to our vital activities:

  • Fellowships open to international scholars
  • Fellowships open to graduate student research and learning
  • Support for visiting scholars
  • New program development
  • Interdisciplinary research projects

We are currently gathering research articles and databases that highlight themes in Taiwan popular culture. One of our designated areas of research is the history of postcards in Taiwan.

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